Monday, 22 Jul 2019

Exotic Domestic Animals

exotic domestic animals

In addition to traditional pets, exotic domestic animals are becoming increasingly popular today. The variety of exotic domestic animals today is great – from small spiders and snails to sloths, boas and even crocodiles. How to care for exotic domestic animals at home, especially their content and feeding, as well as the rating of the most and least popular pets – you can read in this article.

Exotic domestic animals are those that do not live in the latitudes familiar to humans. By definition, people generally understand tropical species of animals and birds, whereas in continental Africa, animals living in northern latitudes are considered exotic. It is noteworthy that for different owners the gradation of the pet’s exoticism is relative: for some are even Achatina snails wonder, and some are not surprised even by anteaters or domesticated skunks. The main feature of exotic domestic animals, paradoxically, is their exoticism – and as a result, the need for special conditions of detention. Such pets are, as a rule, less ductile in training, they need special care and food intake.

It must be remembered that exotic domestic animals are primarily living creatures, and not a strange toy, therefore they need comfort and quality service. Often, exotic domestic animals are very demanding of temperature, light level, humidity, food. For them, it is precisely the environment that exists in their natural habitat that is comfortable, so home maintenance should be as close as possible to their life in freedom. Inexperienced owners often subject exotic domestic animals to diseases due to lack of knowledge of the correctness and consistency of care and feeding of animals. Whatever type of exotic domestic animals you intend to domesticate – be aware that the pet will definitely need a comfortable, clean home with a certain temperature regime. You must correctly place the dishes for meals and toilet tray in the house intended for the exotic domestic animals.

Exotic Domestic Animals - photo 1

exotic domestic animals

If the animal is large, it will definitely need a larger dwelling or the opportunity to walk within a large space. Do not forget that many species of exotic domestic animals grow to large sizes, so you need to take into account their housing opportunities, before you start a particular exotic domestic animals.

It is no secret that high-quality food and the maintenance of an unconventional pet may require significant financial costs – such exotic domestic animals usually do not eat food that grows or lives in your area. Also, cooking for a tropical animal may require more time and effort: some exotic domestic animals need to chop vegetables to a state of puree, others eat only boneless meat, some need to harvest food from the leaves of tropical plants.

Exceptionally, all exotic domestic animals love the variety in nutrition, prefer the basic diet of 3-8 dishes – this must also be considered when drawing up the menu. Exotic domestic animals have their own particular food habits, for example, they eat a certain fruit that does not grow in cold or temperate climates, and do not recognize analogues of this product – so you need to calculate carefully whether you can provide an exotic pet with comfortable living and satisfy all its preferences in nutrition.

Exotic Domestic Animals - photo 2

exotic domestic animals

It should be known also that basically all exotic domestic animals are wild by nature, so their training will be either unlikely or impossible. You should not start a wild animal in families with small children – it is difficult for a child to explain that it is better not to touch the wild pet and not to allow it to get close to itself. In addition, animals such as predators (tigers, leopards, etc.), many reptiles and arachnids can harm not only children but also adults.

For people who are allergic to dogs and cats, some exotic animals are an excellent way out: allergy sufferers can, without fear, start a spider, snake or snail as a pet. However, while taming and training dogs and cats, there are many techniques, developments and recommendations, it’s not easy with non-traditional creatures: it is almost impossible to tame a snake, spider, lizard and other unusual creatures.

There is a rating of the most popular exotic domestic animals, the maintenance and care of which takes less effort, finances and time. The most popular exotic domestic animals are included:

Achatina snails.

These African creatures have earned great popularity as exotic domestic animals: they are unpretentious in food, do not require constant monitoring, harmless. Snails are used even in cosmetology and medicine: these mollusks eat dead skin cells of human skin well, therefore they are often used for facial rejuvenation and smoothing wrinkles. The snail is large in size, its average length is 20-27 cm. To maintain the snail, you will need a container or an aquarium with sandy wet soil, as well as maintaining a certain temperature: from +20 to +28 ° С. In feeding, snails are not picky: they are eager to eat greens, apples, corn, like mangoes and bananas.

Exotic Domestic Animals - photo 3

exotic domestic animals

Daegu.

This native of Chilean origin looks like a cross between a chinchilla, a squirrel and a guinea pig. Degu life expectancy is longer than that of other small rodents – up to 14 years. This mammal is well tamed – the degu is considered the most intelligent representative of small rodents. Unpretentious in food: with pleasure eats high-quality hay, dry herbs, grain, pumpkin seeds, clover, dandelions, and more. Degu do not like noise, bright lighting and an overly warm or cold climate: the most optimal temperature for them is +24 ° С.

Exotic Domestic Animals - photo 4

exotic domestic animals

Indian star tortoise.

This species lives in India and Pakistan, however, it feels good in a temperate continental climate. Nutrition turtles  eat both vegetable and animal food. For these exotic domestic animals, the perfect home is a terrarium in which the temperature is maintained at +25 … + 27 ° С. This pet is unpretentious in care, it is not dangerous and is perfect for families with children.

Exotic Domestic Animals - photo 5

exotic domestic animals

Iguana.

One of the most popular reptiles of exotic domestic animals. However, care for them is not so simple and has certain features. These lizards require dietary food (they eat only vegetable food), sufficient lighting (an additional heating lamp is used), very warm air in the terrarium (+29 … + 37 ° C), certain soil. An iguana is a rather capricious lizard that needs certain conditions in its content, therefore these unusual exotic domestic animals are not suitable for home keeping by novice terrariumists.

Exotic Domestic Animals - photo 6

exotic domestic animals

Chameleon.

Not all species are suitable for keeping these lizards at home, or as they are called “little dragons”: only common are chameleon and Yemen leopard. The correct temperature in the terrarium should not fall below +25 ° C, it is also necessary to exclude drafts and excessive air humidity. The chameleon feeds on living crickets, tropical cockroaches, some fruits and juicy leaves of certain plants, needs constant drinking: consumes both clean water and juices.

Exotic Domestic Animals - photo 7

exotic domestic animals

Bird Spider ( Tarantula)

It belongs to the category of those creatures that require constant attention and control from the owners. This is a pretty dangerous creature. For these large and bright spiders should be a reliable, tightly closing terrarium, woody coconut soil, sufficient air humidity (from 60 to 85%) and a varied diet: frogs, crickets, cockroaches, mice, etc. will be required. It is better to admire this pet from afar and not to pick it up. The tarantula has poison, and although its bite is no more dangerous for a person than a bee sting, you shouldn’t risk it: in rare cases, a spider’s bite can cause an allergy or illness. These are really exotic domestic animals.

Exotic Domestic Animals - photo 8

exotic domestic animals

Reptiles.

The list of reptiles most often kept at home includes more than 7 species of snakes: from a small snake to boas and pythons. For the maintenance of any kind of snake you need a tightly closed container or terrarium with a certain temperature regime – from +22 to +31 ° C. These reptiles are very fastidious in feeding, different species prefer different foods: some prefer spiders and caterpillars only, others eat only fish and mollusks. It is better to refuse to bring a snake to families with children, as well as to people with absent-mindedness: many species, such as cobra, black mamba and sandy ef, are deadly dangerous for humans, therefore their content requires increased attention and control from the owner.

Exotic Domestic Animals - photo 9

exotic domestic animals

Argentine frog

This cold-blooded long-lived creature has characteristic processes on its head – for this it was called “horned.” The appearance of such a frog is very attractive – it has a bright color. The content of these exotic domestic animals are not very simple: they need a large horizontal aquarium, constantly changing temperature conditions (at night – +22 ° C, in the daytime – from +25 to +29 ° C), a special lamp for lighting and heating, an air humidifier and a sprayer, a generator fog and rain setting. In food, horned frogs are also selective: they prefer banana crickets, cockroaches, zoos and some worms.

Exotic Domestic Animals - photo 10

exotic domestic animals

Opossum

Sugar possum is an amazing creature originally from Australia. It got its name because of innate craving for sweets: in their natural habitat, opossums prefer sweet fruits, pollen and nectar. It looks like a gray squirrel. For a comfortable existence of a sugar possum, the following components are necessary: ​​personal space (a cottage or a mink should be installed in a cage), a proper diet — these exotic domestic animals do not eat exclusively sweet foods, and feed on worms, zoophobes and other larvae, maintaining an optimal temperature. For the proper care, these  exotic domestic animals will repay with deep devotion: they are very attached to the owners.

Exotic Domestic Animals - photo 11

exotic domestic animals

There are also other exotic domestic animals, which are most rarely taken home by lovers of the exotic. Here they are:

Ant-eater.

The first person who started this South American mammal was the eccentric Salvador Dali. These are rather large exotic domestic animals, which is active mainly at night, so it is not very suitable for domestic life. The main ration of the anteater is made up of ants, termites and larvae, as well as some fruits and beef – but all this food must be ground, as the anteater has no teeth. Even if you decide to start such an exotic domestic animals, it is unlikely that you will succeed – anteaters are listed in the International Red Book.

Exotic Domestic Animals - photo 12

exotic domestic animals

Serval.

This spotted shrubby cat lives in Africa and Ethiopia (the light-spotted subspecies has a very small population and lives only in captivity). Serval looks like a spotted lynx with ears sticking up. These predators are nocturnal, hunting for rodents, chicks, eggs and birds. If you can come to terms with the constant noise and activity of the Serval at night, prepare a large aviary for him: this cat loves space and unlimited movement.

Exotic Domestic Animals - photo 13

exotic domestic animals

Capybaras

These capybaras are very cute exotic domestic animals that you can make friends with. These herbivorous rodents reach 1.3 meters in height and at the same time are quite well-fed. The natural abode of capybaras is Central America, Brazil, Uruguay, but this rodent can also feel comfortable in temperate latitudes. To domesticate a capybara, you need at least a bathroom: capybaras love to swim. Rodents feed on plants and their roots, as well as the fruits of some vegetables and hay. These animals are very affectionate, they converge well with people and small children.

Exotic Domestic Animals - photo 14

exotic domestic animals

Madagascar cockroaches.

These exotic domestic animals are really for the fan of eccentrics, who don’t have the feeling of disgustion. Today, such an insect can be found in more and more houses in both America and Europe. A distinctive feature of these inhabitants of Madagascar is the emitted hissing in the presence of external danger. To keep cockroaches at home, you will need an aquarium or a terrarium with a lid or an ordinary glass bottle (also with a lid). A nice bonus: these insects are omnivorous, they are savored by both plants and vegetables, fruits, cereals, grains, dairy products. In the dwelling of a cockroach, it is necessary to maintain a high temperature and sufficient humidity: these exotic domestic animals  like heat.

Exotic Domestic Animals - photo 15

exotic domestic animals

Skunks

Exotic domestic animals that not everyone decides to start at home, but today in the US the number of owners containing this animal is increasing. In their natural habitat (by the way, skunks are common mainly in North America) skunks spread a very unpleasant, suffocating smell in case of danger, therefore, in order to domesticate the exotic domestic animals like that, it will be necessary to remove the anal glands in the veterinary clinic. Skuns feed on both plant and animal food.

Exotic Domestic Animals - photo 16

exotic domestic animals

Lemur.

These Madagascar primates are perfect for those owners who do not have much time to care and play with their exotic domestic animals: lemurs are rather lazy and most of the time prefer to lie down in their homes. The animal is herbivorous, which facilitates their feeding at home. It gets used to a person for a long time, however, it is distinguished by devotion and love for its owner. For such a primate you need to provide a lot of space for a comfortable existence, and also sometimes to let out for walks around the apartment.

Exotic Domestic Animals - photo 17

exotic domestic animals

Squirrel monkey.

To keep these tropical chain-tailed monkeys at home will require certain conditions and significant financial costs: one individual costs about $ 4,000. You need to keep them in large cages and aviaries, in which there will be enough branches – after all, these monkeys live exclusively on trees. The diet consists of insects, nuts, chicks, bird eggs – all that can be found on the branches of tropical trees.

Exotic Domestic Animals - photo 18

exotic domestic animals

Owls.

Fans of the Harry Potter saga would have been delighted with such exotic domestic animals,  however, to domesticate this bird of prey, you need to try: the common owl lives only in the forests, and it is rather difficult to recreate such dense vegetation at home. Owls are ubiquitous: found in Africa, as well as in Europe and North America. They feed on mice, small rodents, eggs, birds. Owls need a special approach: they do not like being bothered.

Exotic Domestic Animals - photo 19

exotic domestic animals

Geneta.

The prey is a predatory mammal that lives mainly in tropical African latitudes. Today there are eccentric owners, ready to lay out a considerable amount for the acquisition of these exotic domestic animals. The content of the genet is possible only in the open-air cage on the street: the animals are nocturnal, hunting birds and small rodents, but do not disdain fruits. Have a peculiar smell. Genet are well tamed, so they easily get together with a man.

Exotic Domestic Animals - photo 20

exotic domestic animals

Crocodile caiman

Crocodile caimans belong to the class of reptiles, the order of crocodiles and the alligator family. They reach maximum sizes from 1.5 m (females) to 2.5 m (males) and weights up to 60 kg. The largest representatives of the genus grow to 3.5 m and reach a mass of 200 kg. Like all predators, caimans eat other animals, but, as a rule, do not touch a person. Their daily menu consists of fish, birds, small reptiles, amphibians, insects.  These exotic domestic animals themselves can be eaten by crocodiles, black caimans, anacondas, jaguars. Compared with their big relatives, caimans are somewhat calmer in character and shy. However, females can show aggression. When kept at home, these small crocodiles are docile in nature and do not require much care. They can be easily tamed. They grow fast. With proper treatment and in the absence of careless actions there is no threat of injury from them.

Exotic Domestic Animals - photo 21

exotic domestic animals

Today, more and more people are inclined to start to have not traditional pets, but unusual, expensive, exotic domestic animals, even dangerous ones – such is the trend of the modern era. People strive to stand out in any way from the crowd, and the acquisition of exotic domestic animals is the first step towards eccentricity, singularity, anti-primitiveness, showing their financial condition and raising their rating in social networks. However, the acquisition of exotics for the sake of popularity – the worst motive: exotic domestic animals remain living beings, and they need to provide the necessary care, food, friendliness and love.

 

 

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3 thoughts on “Exotic Domestic Animals

  1. I had a very big collection of exotic African land snails a few years ago. These are very good pets, unpretentious, not noisy, they can live with people who have allergy. And they are much more interesting than aquarium fish. A huge variety of sizes, shapes, patterns and colors makes these pets a real decoration of the aquarium.

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