Fish Care. Ocean At Home
Aquarian small fishes are a fine opportunity to create a small corner of wildlife in the house. Aquarium looks spectacular and beautiful. They do not require special fish care, but they bring great aesthetic pleasure. Every person who has an aquarium at home understands that this is not just a tank of water and fish. This is a whole special micro system with its flora and fauna that needs its special fish care. In order for this system to successfully exist and function, from the very beginning it is necessary to correctly organize the life of aquarium inhabitants, prepare the aquarium itself, and maintain all life support systems in order.
First of all, you need to understand which species you want to see in your “ocean at home”. Buying different types of fish is worth paying attention to compatibility, in order to avoid conflicts in fish care. And do not forget to prepare in advance before the purchase of fish. For different types there is different fish care (temperature, hardness, acidity of water). Fish for beginners better to choose from unpretentious species. Perfectly suitable small schooling species (scalarii, guppies, barbs, danios), catfish. The choice depends on compatibility (it is impossible to settle even one predatory specimen together with peace-loving, for example, gourami).
Cockerels and goldfish are classic fish. Beginners are more difficult to handle because they need to pay more attention to them. A round aquarium is not the best choice for them. This is an important moment of fish care. These inhabitants will be more comfortable in a rectangular container. Instructions on fish care in an aquarium recommends that when creating the second tank, take some water from the first one. This method will help to reduce the time for settling. This is interesting in fish care.
The long-awaited settlement of fish – it is not the easiest process. First, you need to consider the nature and behavioral responses of a species. The schooling fish singly die, and the attempts to combine species that require different water temperatures lead to death. Beautiful, stylish, and most importantly easy to maintain look aquariums, dedicated to a particular ecological environment. It is easier to choose the same type of fish and plants that are ideal for the composition, both in appearance and content. And then fish care will be also right.
If you already have tenants in the aquarium, then beginners do not need to be immediately planted in a common reservoir. Let’s start with the fact that they can completely disagree with the characters already existing fish. In order to find out it is not bad before buying animals to read the relevant fish care literature. But in a nutshell, we note that the fish that are to live in the same range should have a similar color and not conflict with food. Before landing new fish to the old, they are kept in a separate container from one to three months. This is due to the need to determine the presence of possible diseases, to clean from microorganisms that do not coincide with the environment. This is especially true of tropical fish taken directly from the habitat. This is important in fish care.
No doubt, aquarium requires regular maintenance, cleaning, weeding and fertilizing (if it is planted with live plants). All inhabitants of the aquarium should be regularly fed and monitored for their condition. In order for your pets to be healthy and delight you with their beauty, they, first of all, need to be provided with clean water, food, normal for the selected species of fish, temperature conditions, the presence of necessary shelters, your attention. Fish care is very responsible moment.
One of the basic rules for fish care is regular replacement of a part of the aquarium water at the appropriate time. Dirty or poor quality water is one of the causes of illness and poor health. In small volumes, changes are usually made with a frequency of once a week up to 30% of the volume of aquarium water. In large aquariums, changes can be performed less frequently, about twice a month, also in 25-30% water. Full replacement of water is made, as an exception, in cases of mass disease of fish or due to other extreme circumstances. This is important information in fish care.
When your fish refuse to eat or pressed to the bottom, this can serve as a signal that it is time to change the water in the aquarium. But be sure to remember that the water you are going to add must be at the same temperature as the aquarium one. It is also very desirable that the hardness and acidity of the added water match the parameters of the water in the aquarium. Using conditioners (eg Jbl Biotopol, Api Tap Water Conditioner, Tetra Aqua Safe) that bind heavy metals and chlorine with chloramine is also desirable if you do not have the ability to defend water for changes.
The location of the aquarium, of course, depends on the taste, possibilities and home interior, however, in this matter it is necessary to follow some rules. First in fish care, it is desirable to avoid direct sunlight, so the corner of the room is ideal. Secondly in fish care, all kinds of equipment is powered by electricity, which means that the outlet must be located at a distance equal to the length of the cable. Thirdly, the stand under the aquarium should be sufficiently stable to prevent fluctuations in water that will disturb its population. To this end, you can not place it at the door and you need to consider the location of the aquarium in advance before it is arranged and filled.
Decor and algae are not only aesthetic value in fish care, because they give the necessary places for shelter and breeding inhabitants. There are all sorts of products to any taste preferences, in a wide price range. Grottoes, ladders, columns, ships, shards, houses, a bridge. The main thing to sterilize them before being placed in an aquarium. Subsequently, wash the decorations in an individual dish every month when replacing water.
With great caution you need to treat the oddly shaped sticks found on the street – they need to be boiled for a long time and thoroughly cleaned of dirt in order to prevent fish diseases. The tree is short-lived in water, so even with careful processing it will eventually turn into a source of not very useful bacteria.
The plant world is also diverse in fish care. Beginners should buy colorful artificial models – they need the same care as the decor. Living algae is a bit more complicated: they need to be planted periodically. Nevertheless, they are more useful because release oxygen and absorb waste products. Attention is important to stop on unpretentious plants and plant high specimens on the back wall (Indian fern, Bacopa). Low-growing cryptocoryne, anubias are placed in the foreground. To heighten the effect of using floating plants. The main rule of maintenance – algae should not occupy more than a third part of the underwater world.
The equipment necessary for aquarium includes the already known heater, as well as a device for measuring temperature, a filter and an aerator. Filters are selected in accordance with the volumes of the aquarium. The filters require fish care, so once every three weeks they are washed outside with water and they pull out the sponge of the internal filter and clean it of dirt. There is coal (it is replaced every month), or primary cleaning (white material is replaced every two weeks).
Lighting is usually mounted in a protective top cover. If it was not sold along with the aquarium, be sure to pick up the cover so that the water does not evaporate and the particularly frisky fish will not jump out. The lamp should be chosen in proportion to the size of the tank. Usually the lights are turned off at night, although there are some types of fish that need additional lighting at this time of day. This you need to know in fish care too.
Soil plays an important role in the formation of an aquarium ecosystem – all biochemical processes occur on it. You can buy ready-made options in the pet store, you can use sand, pebbles, glass beads. In the second case, thorough disinfection and boiling are required, in the first case there is a rather abundant washing. Get a siphon for treating the soil in your “pond”.
The water must be separated: the required amount is poured into a clean tank, left for a couple of days, and only then it is filled with an aquarium. For water, important parameters such as hardness, acidity, temperature, which are determined for each species separately and are constantly maintained either by heating devices or special products that can be purchased along with fish. Fish care requires constant water changes. Do it either manually or with a special pump.
Periodically, it is necessary to collect the remains of food, waste products of fish, dead leaves of plants using a siphon from the bottom. Cleaning the soil can be combined with water changes in fish care. The glass of the aquarium should be periodically cleaned with special sponges or cleaned with scrapers. In order for the water to be cleaner, not stagnant, and care for the aquarium and fish was not so time consuming, use aquarium filters. Depending on the volume of your aquarium, you can use internal filters and external ones in fish care. It is better to use internal filters for volumes up to 100 liters, for large volumes it is recommended to install more efficient external filters.
For most species of fish, a high water temperature is required – from 24 to 28 ° C, but there are exceptions; therefore, in no case should fish be placed in the same aquarium with different temperature requirements. For example, for goldfish, the temperature of comfort in an aquarium is 21–22 ° C, while for discus, it is 30–32 ° C. To maintain a comfortable water temperature for your chosen type of fish use temperature-controlled heaters in fish care.
Fish must be fed regularly. The most important rule is not to overfeed your pets. Food can be given once a day, or divided into two servings per serving. Excess feed can not be thrown, i.e. all food should be eaten in 3-5 minutes, and the excess should be removed with a siphon for cleaning the soil. Once a week you can do a fasting day in fish care.
Quite often satisfied beginners do not know how much to feed while fish care. You just pour the amount of food that they can eat in 5-10 minutes. It is better to remove all the residues immediately, because they pollute the water in the aquarium. Not allowed accumulation of food at the bottom. It is better not to overfeed the fish. Food can be either frozen, or “live”, or dry.
Dry food is most often produced on the basis of dry daphnia or dry mixes. To “live” feed include: tube maker, bloodworm, duckweed. And frozen food, before giving to the fish need to be defrosted. A variety of food, no doubt, is useful for your fish. Food should be distributed in the aquarium in such a way that everyone gets it – both strong and weak, and also those who are always at the bottom. Fish care is right food for fish.
You should not forget that the most common cause of aquarium fish diseases is the wrong condition for their keeping. The aquarist must understand that in the first place he maintains a habitat in an aquarium where the health of the fish depends on his condition. Aquarists need competently understand the diseases and be able to properly treat them in fish care.
New fish before they get into the general aquarium must be quarantined. It is better to carry out treatment procedures in a separate container in order not to provoke a bacterial outbreak and not to destroy mollusks and delicate species of plants in fish care. In order to avoid disease transmission, all inventory: nets, cans, tweezers, feeders, etc. for quarantine aquariums should be separated.
With the right approach to fish care turns into pleasure. Thanks to modern equipment, the maintenance of the aquarium does not require much time and effort. Even beginners can handle the installation and cleaning of equipment. Ease of use and maintenance allows you to enjoy the aquarium and enjoy the wonders of the underwater world right at home while fish care. Caring for an aquarium and fish is not only a troublesome task, but also very interesting and useful. Even when the aquarium is exclusively a design element, many people become so involved in the observation and care of aquarium fish that they become avid aquarists.