Everything About Hamsters Care
Hamsters care is not very hard and it is simple to keep these animals at home, they do not give their owners unnecessary trouble. If your child asks to buy a pet, a hamster will be a perfect solution. They are obedient, they should not be walked, they do not wake you up in the morning, but it’s a pleasure to watch their behavior. Hamsters are quite unpretentious rodents and they do not cause much trouble. Hamsters care is one of the most easiest but anyway you should know how to keep these animals in really good conditions.
But at the same time, hamsters are vulnerable creatures that do not tolerate negligence, sometimes excessive children’s immediacy, and too active games, and only therefore are not suitable as pets for young children under the age of 8-10.
There is a limited number of hamster kinds found in the house, including common kinds such as the Syrian, Chinese, and dwarf kinds – the Dzungarian, as well as the Robrovsky and Campbell hamsters. So, hamsters care can be different.
The life span of a hamster depends on the breed. Due to their biological characteristics, the Syrian hamsters pass the longest life course. It averages four years. But representatives of the Siberian kinds in the home comfort conditions can live for about three years. As a rule, rodents of the Dzungarian and dwarf breed can please their masters up to two years but it also depends on hamsters care.
Home hamsters care begins with the acquisition and arrangement of the cage with all the necessary equipment. But the organization of hamster life does not end there. The animal in a confined space is completely dependent on the owner. Hamsters care must be taken to maintain a comfortable temperature in the room all year round. First of all, take good care about place where your hamster will live. In the hamster’s cage there should be a filler (granules, corn), white paper napkins without smell and a pattern for the nest, a big wheel, a hanging drinker and a bowl for dry food. Everything else is optional (house, toilet, a box with dust-free sand for chinchillas). The air should be fresh and clean, without sharp odors and smoke. Airing the room, beware of creating drafts. Hamsters care should be provided carefully.
The cage should not be in the kitchen, not in the corridor, not on the balcony, away from windows and doors, not closer than 2 meters from the batteries. The principle is simple: a hamster as a gentle and easily diseased creature must be placed in the best location of the apartment. The cage should be in a quiet place. Hamsters are very sensitive and nervous animals, any sharp sound for them is stress, and stress greatly reduces their lives. Happy hamsters sleep, and they can not be waken up! Hamsters care should be good and comfortable and not too much.
The cage should be in a ventilated place, but not in a draft. Next to the cell you need to put a room thermometer and monitor the temperature. The normal temperature for a hamster is in the range of + 22 … 28 ° C. Above and below – the danger of hypothermia and overheating. It is not necessary to wash the cage often so as not to disturb the hamster. Once a month and a half it is washed with baby soap completely, with the replacement of the filler. And the corner which the hamster needs should be cleaned after 1-3 days, wiped with a damp cloth and added a handful of filler. Stocks in the house or nest need to be checked every three days and damaged products should be thrown away. Hamsters care means great attention.
Besides, don’t forget about nutrition in hamsters care. It is very important in hamsters care. Hamster is fed 1-2 times a day, usually in the evening. In pet stores there is a rich selection of delicacies but it is better to choose not sweet, without honey and other harmful substances for the hamster. Dried dandelion roots and millet spikelets are a great option for grinding off constantly growing incisors. Dry main food should be constantly in the trough: do not wait until the hamster eats everything, add it every day – it is important for the hamster that there is always food and no one will take it away. Feed: Imported – JR Farm, Vitapol, Vitakraft, Beaphar, Benelux, Fiory, Prestige (Versele-Laga), Little One, Domestic – Waka, Little Animals, Homka, Rodent. The basic feed is not only granular, but also, very important, – cereals, pay attention to this!
The natural food of the animal depends on its habitat, and it depends on what hamsters eat. You should know in hamsters care that they prefer to settle in the fields, so their main diet is cereals. If there is a village nearby, the animals visit it. There they deal with stored vegetables and fruits. Fresh greens are part of the diet. Hamster eats grass and field plants. Beetles, spiders and caterpillars are the favorite prey of rodents. The nature of animals is far from angelic, if they get a wounded animal, the hamster will eat fresh meat. The closer the diet to home to the natural, the better for the animal. It is important in hamsters care. In the wild, no one cooks its fried potatoes and dumplings. Therefore, homemade fried, salty, smoked and sweet food will very quickly destroy the animal.
Wet food in a separate bowl is given daily and includes vegetables and fruits from the list of allowed products. Bowl needs to be washed daily. In addition, twice a week in turn, with a break of 2 days, the hamster gets cottage cheese 0-1% fat, protein foods – a boiled egg or boiled chicken breast without salt and spices. Can be given as a delicacy of porridge and puree from a baby food store (without salt, sugar, milk, rice, potatoes, starch). The water in the suspension drinker is poured only that which you drink yourself. It should always be fresh, change it every day. Even if it seems to you that the hamster does not drink, water is obligatory for it. You should know about this in hamsters care.
For a hamster, food is not only a daily ration, but also a stock. It is very important in hamsters care. Eaten food small animal pinned on the “rainy day”. It is an important moment for hamsters care. In addition to the removal of perishable products, during cleaning, view and throw away stocks so that the kids do not manage to eat spoiled products. Always put in a clean pantry a few seeds.
If you want to pamper your pets with homemade dishes, remember, animals should not be given sweet and fatty food. You can cook kids grits on the water. Buckwheat, rolled oats, millet, wheat, lentils will diversify your pet’s table. From homemade food animals can be given a low-fat cottage cheese, boiled eggs and chicken breast. Canned food is allowed only from mixtures for babies: meat puree, vegetable and fruit puree, in which salt, preservatives and sugar are absent. You should be careful with hamsters care.
There are certain rules that should be followed when feeding animals with fruit. They should be followed so that the food does not hurt:
- feed the animals with seasonal fruits of local cultivation;
- fruits must be mature enough, but not rotten;
- sour fruits are dangerous for animals;
- hamsters can not eat fruit with bones, remove them before feeding;
- do not give fruit more than 1-2 times a week;
- Do not give animals exotic tropical fruits.
To keep hamsters in tiny cages or a three-liter jar is cruel to a small animal that runs several kilometers in nature every day. It is good for hamsters care. Not for nothing their home is equipped with a running wheel. Hamsters care can be to ensure their leisure. The owners equip the entire playground, labyrinths and tunnels for curious rodents. You should make for it possibilities to walk. Walking on the floor and freely in the apartment hamsters can not. This is both unhygienic and very dangerous in terms of poisoning with any crumbs or snacking on electric wires. And you can accidentally squeeze a hamster door or step on it. So, it is an important moment in hamsters care.
For walking you need to buy a walking ball with a size of 16 cm for a dwarf hamster and from 18 cm for a Syrian. You can walk in a stuffy ball for no longer than 25 minutes, after which the hamster should rest, eat and drink as much. It is good to make a hare for a hamster – it can walk longer. In order not to be boring, put the wheel, ladders, pipes. And the size must be at least 1m x 1m. It should be know for hamsters care.
For the best of intentions, some owners tend to let their pet stay in nature. But a home hamster from such a walk will receive not pleasure, but the strongest stress. About the fact that a pet can get seriously sick, not many people think. There are many predators in nature such as dogs, cats, rats, ravens. A smart kid can easily run away and get lost forever. The outdoor environment is more aggressive and unstable: the hamster can overcool, especially if the grass is wet, or overheat in the sun. Land and grass are often infected with parasites and is a source of infection due to wild rodents. Hamsters care is great attention to your pet.
You should know in hamsters care that hamsters are far from the most contact rodents, as they live in nature strictly one by one. At home, the hamster should also be single, if there are several animals, then there should be several cells. Such a pet is also not eager to communicate with the owner, so you have to spend a lot of time taming an independent rodent.
There are certain rules of communication, if they are not followed, the hamster will show fear and aggression, annoying the owner. It is not so easy in hamsters care. In the first days after buying the animal, it is better not to disturb him at all, no matter how much you want to cuddle a fluffy little ball. About a week it will get used to a new home, and at the same time to the voice and smell of the owner. At this stage, it is recommended to pronounce the pet’s nickname during feeding.
Domestic hamsters differ little in temperament from their wild counterparts, they must be patiently accustomed to hands, in order for communication to bring joy to both the owner and the pet. With hamsters, the main means is food reinforcement – you need to teach your baby to take a treat from the palm. Gradually, the rodent will get used to the hand, then it can be pulled out of the cage. Handle the animal should be careful – a tiny animal can be injured if it jumps out of the hands or will be squeezed too tight. It is safest to wrap it around with your palms, forming a “house”. Hamsters care is a set of tenderness and attention.
It is forbidden: to wake up the animal; take it from above, from the back (associated with a predator attack); make sharp movements (even in the case of a bite, you need to remain calm). Hamsters care should include daily communication. If you do not take a pet in your hands for a long time, there will be a “rollback”, and taming will have to start all over again. Contact should occur at the time of activity of the animal (in the evening). You should remember these things in hamsters care.
Besides, it is very important to be able to care for a pregnant hamster. Pregnancy lasts, depending on the type, from 16-20 days, the number of babies in one litter from 4 – up to 12. Fed with mother’s milk from 18 – 20 days. During the first birth, a young mother often eats a portion of weak and even healthy babies. Refuses to feed. Little hamsters are born without coat, blind. They look weak, helpless creatures. But it is not really so in hamsters care.
Newborn babies should not be touched. The mother-hamster, sensing a strange smell, will certainly eat the young babies. It is better not to disturb the female either. During this period, you also can not get into a cage. It is better to remove the cage with the female and her offspring in a quiet and peaceful place. Look to it only to feed or change the water. Hamsters care should be very important in this case.
For the birth of a female, it is better to use a one-story cage. If the cage has a retractable tray and a grate at the bottom, then the bottom of the cage is filled with sawdust. Do not place perishable food in the feeder! The female will surely crib it and the food will spoil. During the period of pregnancy and feeding the female should be given vitamins. Water should always be fresh.
The hamster often becomes the first pet of the child, since the care and maintenance of the animal at home are not too burdensome. But to take care of it properly is also necessary. It is good to acquire a rodent in a professional nursery: an experienced breeder knows all about hamsters, and will willingly tell you how to care for them. Often, along with the young hamster buyer receives a brief instruction. But it is not all and you should care individually about your hamster and notice its preferences and desires and then you will be the owner of a healthy and happy pet.
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